Pathanamthitta District Profile


Pathanamthitta, the youngest district of Kerala state is a combination of two words Pathanam and Thitta which means an array of houses on the river side.  The district is famous for its scenic beauty, fairs and festivals.  The district comprises of 4 municipalities, 8 blocks, 57 panchayats and 70 villages.  Agriculture is the main occupation of the people. The main crops raised in the district are paddy, tapioca, rubber, sugarcane, black pepper and banana.  Rubber occupies the main position among the commercial crops in the district. Rubber cultivation is concentrated mainly in the hilly eastern zone.

The district consists of three natural divisions, viz the lowland, the midland and the highland. The highland stretches through the Western Ghats and descends to the midland in the centre, down to the lowland and coconut gardens on the western borders of Alappuzha district. The topography of the district is highly undulating. It starts from the tall hill slopes covered with thick forests on the east along the mountains down to the valleys and small hills of the land of coconut trees in the west. Soil Types of the district mainly consists of Laterite and its variations. Special soil types such as river bank alluvium and peaty soil are also seen in some parts of   the district.

The average maximum temperature is 33.07oC and minimum temperature is 21.07o C. The important four seasons are the hot weather (March to May), South-West monsoon (June to September), the retreating North-East monsoon (October to November) and dry weather (December to February).

The other features of the district are; 

General Features

Total Geographical Area (in Sq.Km.)

2653

Density per Sq.Km.

453

Households

297134

Villages

70

Taluks

6

CD Blocks

8

Statutory Towns

3

Panchayats

57

Municipality

4

Rail Network[Km]

10

Soil and Climate

Agro Climatic zone

Western Plains and Ghat region-Midland region

Climate

Hot and Humid

Soil type

Laterite, Red loamy and Coastal Alluvium

Normal  Rainfall (mm)

2840

 

 

Animal Population

Distribution of land holding

Cattle

106604

Classification

Nos.

Area

Buffalo

520

≤ 1ha

274195

54372

Goat

48876

>1≤2ha

12696

16467

Hens

379774

>2 ha

3240

18637

Ducks

30736

Total

290131

89476

Demographic Profile

Total Population

1197412

Rural

1065799

Male

561716

Urban

131613

Female

635696

Total Households(No.)

322684

Sex Ratio

1125

Main Worker

293257

Total Workers

392794

Non Worker

804618

Marginal Worker

99537



Scheduled Castes & Scheduled Tribes Population

Scheduled Castes

Scheduled Tribes

Persons

164465

Persons

8108

Male

78942

Male

3947

Female

85523

Female

4161

% of SC

13.74

% of ST

0.68

Economic Activity

Work Participation Rate

Number of Workers

Persons (392794)

32.80%

Main workers

293257

Male (281854)

50.18%

Marginal workers

99537

Female(110940)

17.45%

Non-workers

804618

Land utilization (ha)

Total Area

265277

Area sown more than once

21669

Net sown area

81772

Still Water

2698

Forest land

155214

Water Logged Area

165

Current fallow

4219

 Total cropped Area

103441  

Workers Profile

Irrigation coverage (ha)

Cultivators

9824

Canals/Channels

1470

Agricultural labourers

4120

Wells/Tube wells

2221

Household industry
Worker

724

Tanks

33

Other workers

12415

Other sources

2036

Infrastructure related to Agriculture and Allied activities

Net irrigated area

5825

No. of wholesale markets

8

Minor irrigation

65

Total godown capacity(MT)

8135



No. of fertilizer/Seed/Pesticide outlets

353

Major food/commercial/plantation and Horticulture crops

No. of plantation/Horticulture nurseries

5

Rubber, Coconut, Tapioca, Banana, Pepper, Paddy, Vegetables

No. of poultry hatcheries

2

No. of farmers’ clubs

50

No. of Self Help Groups

10640


Source:  censusindia.gov.in & Panchayat Level Statistics 


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